St Michael’s Cave (Spanish: Cueva de San Miguel[1]) is the name given to a network of limestone caves located in the Upper Rock Nature Reserve of Gibraltar, at a height of over 300 metres above sea level[2]. According to Alonso Hernández del Portillo, the first historian of Gibraltar, its name is derived from a similar grotto in Monte Gargano near the Sanctuary of Monte Sant’Angelo in Apulia, Italy, where the archangel Michael is said to have appeared.[1]

It is the most visited of the more than 150 caves found inside the Rock of Gibraltar[3], receiving almost 1,000,000 visitors a year.

Wikipedia



English: Topographic map of Gibraltar and the Bay of Gibraltar, circa 1750
French: Plan Topographique De La Ville Port, Et Baye De Gibraltar, Et De Ses Environs.
Español: Plano de la Bahía de Algeciras datado en 1750. Se observan las ciudades de Algeciras y Gibraltar así como la Línea de Contravalación, fortificación construida en el istmo durante la década de 1730.

This photo was taken by User:RedCoat
English: A panoramic view from the top of the Rock of Gibraltar (Gibraltar), looking north.
Français : Vue panoramique vers le nord depuis le haut du Rocher de Gibraltar.
Español: Vista panorámica hacia el norte desde la cima del Peñón de Gibraltar.
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Panoramautsikt nordover fra Rock of Gibraltar.

 

Weblinks

Literatur

  • Heinz Duchhardt: Balance of Power und Pentarchie – Internationale Beziehungen 1700–1785. Schöningh, Paderborn 1997 (= Handbuch der Geschichte der internationalen Beziehungen. Band 4), ISBN 3-506-73724-4.
  • Max Immich: Geschichte des europäischen Staatensystems von 1660 bis 1789., Band 2, München/Berlin 1905.
  • William G.F. Jackson: The Rock of the Gibraltarians – A History of Gibraltar. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, Rutherford 1987, ISBN 0-8386-3237-8.
  • Alfred T. Mahan: Der Einfluss der Seemacht auf die Geschichte. Koehlers Verlagsgesellschaft, Herford 1967 (dt. Ausg. des 1890 erstmalig im engl. Original erschienenen Werkes).
  • David Marley: Wars of the Americas – A Chronology of Armed Conflict in the New World 1492 to the Present. ABC-Clio, Santa Barbara 1999, ISBN 0-87436-837-5.
  • N.A.M. Rodger: The Command of the Ocean – A Naval History of Britain 1649–1815. Band 2, Allen Lane, London 2004, ISBN 0-7139-9411-8.

Englisch-Spanischer Krieg (1727–1729)

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