St Michael’s Cave (Spanish: Cueva de San Miguel[1]) is the name given to a network of limestone caves located in the Upper Rock Nature Reserve of Gibraltar, at a height of over 300 metres above sea level[2]. According to Alonso Hernández del Portillo, the first historian of Gibraltar, its name is derived from a similar grotto in Monte Gargano near the Sanctuary of Monte Sant’Angelo in Apulia, Italy, where the archangel Michael is said to have appeared.[1]

It is the most visited of the more than 150 caves found inside the Rock of Gibraltar[3], receiving almost 1,000,000 visitors a year.


English: Topographic map of Gibraltar and the Bay of Gibraltar, circa 1750
French: Plan Topographique De La Ville Port, Et Baye De Gibraltar, Et De Ses Environs.
Español: Plano de la Bahía de Algeciras datado en 1750. Se observan las ciudades de Algeciras y Gibraltar así como la Línea de Contravalación, fortificación construida en el istmo durante la década de 1730.

This photo was taken by User:RedCoat
English: A panoramic view from the top of the Rock of Gibraltar (Gibraltar), looking north.
Français : Vue panoramique vers le nord depuis le haut du Rocher de Gibraltar.
Español: Vista panorámica hacia el norte desde la cima del Peñón de Gibraltar.
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Panoramautsikt nordover fra Rock of Gibraltar.




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Englisch-Spanischer Krieg (1727–1729)